Mariner Monday – Josiah Shackford, Master and Commander of Brigantine Flying Fish, Authorized Privateer (Blog 311)

We’re always searching for documents that help us understand which Shackford was the Captain of which ship.  Therefore we were ecstatic to find this bond dated August 29, 1782 that formally authorizes Josiah Shackford, mariner, and Master and Commander of the Brigadine Flying Fish with six carriage guns and a crew of 25 men to “attack, subdue, seize, and take all ships, vessels, and goods belonging to the King or Crown of Great Britain or his subjects”  F

In essence, Josiah was an official Privateer!

From the American War of Independence Website we learn that Josiah sailed from Portsmouth to Montserrat, French West Indies in Sept 1782 and returned in Oct 1782.  We’re unsure where else he may have traveled under this official bond.

Josiah Shackford Commander of Brigadine The Flying Fish 29 Aug 1782 Library of Congress

Know all Men by thefe Prefents, That we Josiah Shackford
Mariner, Woodbury Langdon Merchant, and John
Parker Esq all of Portsmouth in the State of New Hampshire
are held and firmly bound to Michael Hillegas – Efqs
Trefurer of the United States of America in Congrefs affembled, in the penalty
of Twenty Thoufand Spanith milled Dollars, or other money equivalent thereto,
to be paid to the faid Michael Hillegas—Treafurere, as
aforefaid, or to his fucceffors in that office. To which payment well and truly
to be made and done, We bind ourfelves, our Heirs, Executors and Adminiftrat-
ors, jointly anf feverally, firmly by thefe Presents. Sealed with our feals, and
dated the Twenty Ninth day of August in the year of our Lord
One thousand feven hundred & Eighty Two and in the Seventh
year of the Independence of the United States.

The Condition of this Obligation is fuch, that whereas the above
bounden Josiah Shackford –
Mafter and Commander of the Brigantine called the Flying Fish
belonging to Woodbury Langdon of Portsmouth the State of New Hampshire
mounting six carriage guns, and navigated by twenty five
men, who hath applied for and received a commiffion, bearing date with
thefe prefents, licencing and authorizing him to fit out and fet forth the faid Brigantine
in a warlke manner, acd by and with the faid Brigantine
and the Officers and Crew thereof, by force of arms to attack, fubdue, feize and take all
fhips, veffels and goods, belonging to the King or Corwn of Great-Britain, or to his fub-
jects or others inhabiting within any of the territories or poffessions of the aforefaid King of
Great-Britain, and any other fhips or veffels, goods, wares and merchandizes, to whomfo-
ever blonging, which are or fhall be declared to be fubjects of capture, by an Ordiinance
of the United States in Congrefs affembled, or which are of deemed by the Law of Nati-
ons. If therefore the faid Josiah Shackford fhall not exceed
or tranfgrefs the powers and authorities given and granted to him in and by the faid com-
miffion, or which are or fhall be given and granted to him by an Ordinances, Acts or In-
ftructions of the United States in Congrefs affenbled, but fhall in all things govern and con-
duct himfelf as Mafter and Commander of the faid Brigadine
and the Officers and Crew belonging to the fame, by and according to the faid Commifi-
on, Ordinances, Acts and Inftrudtions, and any treaties fubfifting or which may fubfift be-
tween the United States in Conggrefs affembled, and any Prince, Power or Potenatate what-
ever; and fhall not violate the Law of Nations or the rights of Neutral Powers or any of
their fubjects, and fhall make reparation for all damages fuftained by any mifconduct or un-
warrantable proceedings of himfelf or the Officers or Crew of the faid Brigantine
then this obligation to be void, otherwife to remain in full force.
Signed, Sealed and Delivered
in the prefence of us,

Henry S Langdon, Josiah Shackford
Sally Langdon Wm Langdon
Jos Parker

SOURCES:

American War of Independence – At Sea (http://www.awiatsea.com/ : accessed 2 March 2014), Flying Fish – Commander Josiah Shackford.

“Know all men by these presents, that we are held and firmly bound to Esq; treasurer of the United States of America in Congress assembled, in the penalty of twenty thousand Spanish milled dollars, or other money equivalent thereto, to be paid to,” 1782, http://www.loc.gov/resource/rbpe.08803500/, Library of Congress, digital version

 

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One thought on “Mariner Monday – Josiah Shackford, Master and Commander of Brigantine Flying Fish, Authorized Privateer (Blog 311)

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