Mystery Monday – Why Was Samuel Quimby Shackford Suing Ship Hermann in California in 1850? (Blog 416)

Samuel Quimby Shackford, the eighth child of Samuel and Hannah (Currier) Shackford was born in Chester, New Hampshire September 25, 1822.  When he was 19 years old, his father died and left everything to his mother Hannah and his brother Jonathan.  Samuel Q and his siblings  received $1 as a token of remembrances. Seven years later, on January 31, 1849, Samuel and two of his brothers John and Luther headed to California aboard the Steamer Corsair.

Sometime thereafter Samuel filed a lawsuit against Ship Hermann and Owners.  This is all we know about the lawsuit:

Samuel Q Shackford vs Ship Hermann DISTRICT COURT, Daily Alta California (San Francisco, California), 14 August 1850
Daily Alta California, Aug 14, 1850

DISTRICT COURT-Judge Parsons – Samuel Q Shackford vs Ship Hermann and Owners. – This was a motion to set aside writ of attachment. Motion argued and overruled.

Unfortunately Samuel died on Oct 9, 1850, 45 days after filing the lawsuit – he was only 28 years old.  Someday we hope to learn more about why Samuel sued the Ship Hermann

All posts on this website are a work in progress.  We’d love to learn of any corrections or additions to the information shared.  Also we’d love it if  you’d like the post here or at as that helps share the post with others. Thanks!


Chase John Carroll, History of Chester New Hampshire Including Auburn A Supplement to the History of Old Chester Published in 1869 (Derry, New Hampshire: John Carroll Chase, 1926), page 357-358; digital image, ( : accessed 27 December 2016.

“DISTRICT COURT,” Daily Alta California (San Francisco, California), 14 August 1850; digital images, California Digital Newspaper Collection ( : accessed 11 March 2017).

Find A Grave, Find A Grave, digital images ( : accessed 5 April 2015), Samuel L Find A Grave Memorial# 140723334.

New Hampshire, New Hampshire, Birth Records, 1659-1900, , Samuel Quimby Shackford, 25 September 1822; digital images, ( : accessed 7 July 2013); “New Hampshire, Birth Records, through 1900.” Online index and digital images. New England Historical Genealogical Society. Citing New Hampshire Bureau of Vital Records, Concord, New Hampshire.

Copyright 2017 Joanne Shackford Parkes  (sharing a link to this post is appreciated but please do not copy this material and paste it elsewhere)

Military Monday – Seth Ring Shackford – Died in the Battle of Saratoga October 7, 1777, age 23 – Honored at Saratoga National Historical Park Memorial Day 2016 (Blog 414)

When we arrived at Saratoga National Historical Park on June 7, 2016 to learn about Seth Ring Shackford and the Battle of Saratoga, Park historian Eric was in the midst of an excellent presentation to a school group totally engaging a group of sixth graders about life in the Revolutionary Army.  He provided an outstanding description of the background, battles, and outcomes of the Battle of Saratoga at a level perfect for the young school children, adults with little background of the battle (myself), and those with a background of the battle (my husband).

When Eric was finished we asked him about Seth Shackford and learned that Seth had just been honored at the park on Memorial Day along with the other many soldiers of the 3rd New Hampshire who died fighting at the Battle of Saratoga.  He also showed us a map on the area outlining the places where Seth had most likely been camped and where he most likely fought on September 19th, and where he  had been  on the battlefield when he died.  We were pleased to be able to share Seth’s birth date and our source for that information with Eric.

Seth Ring Shackford was the fourth son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Ring) Shackford born Sept 22, 1754 in Newington, New Hampshire[1].  He most likely was very aware of the political climate of the time as his father who had been serving as Selectman, Town Moderator, and had been one of the parties responsible to ensure members of his community signed the Declaration by the Inhabitants of New Hampshire on April 12, 1776[2].

Seth served in many military units – the first record we found is his service under Captain David Copps unit which went to Winter Hill in Somerville, Massachusetts in December 1775[3].  On July 28, 1776 he mustered in Col Wingate’s Regiment[4] .  His name then appears on a payroll for the same unit headed to Ticonderoga.   In January 1777 we find him with Captain Richard Wear’s Company commanded by Colonel Scammel.

On April 1, 1777 Seth enlisted under Capt Isaac Frye.  He’s listed in the US Revolutionary War Rolls on 15 Jun 1777[5] and showing as under Captain Wear’s Company on September 1 1777.  That same document lists him as a sergeant and states  “ killed October 7, 1777”[6][7].   Some references list Seth as  a private when he died,  and others as a sergeant – none of the documents remind us that he had just turned 23 years old about three weeks before he died.

On October 17, 1777, ten days after Seth’s death, the British under General Burgoyne, surrendered to the American Colonists led by General Gates.  This victory is seen by historians as the “Turning Point of the American Revolution.”

We assume that Seth was one of the many soldiers who were buried on the battlefield. While driving through along the excellent driving tour through the park we listened the mobile web app and read the well done interpretive stations.  Along this driving route we found this special memorial honoring the many soldiers who died in the Battles of Saratoga.

Memorial at Saratoga Springs Historical Park Unknown Soldier whole monument photo by Joanne Parkes.jpg
The Unknown American Soldiers photo Joanne Shackford Parkes




There also was a separate memorial placed in honor of the New Hampshire Men who fought in these decisive battles.

All posts on this website are a work in progress.  We’d love to learn of any corrections or additions to the information shared.  Also we’d love it if  you’d like the post here or at as that helps share the post with others. Thanks!


[1] Hardon Henry W, Newington, New Hampshire Families in the Eighteenth Century (Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, Inc, 1991), page 168

[2] American Archives Documents of the American Revolution ( : accessed 14 May 2014), Signers in Newington.

[3] Fitts James Hill, Rev. and Edited and Arranged by Rev. N. F. Carter, History of Newfields New Hampshire 1638-1911 (Concord, N. H.: 1912), page 263; digital images, Google Books ( : accessed 16 February 2014.

[4] Muster Roll for the Company in Col Wingate’s Regiment.

[5] “U.S., Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783,” digital images, ( : accessed 4 June 2016), Seth R Shackford.

[6] McClintock John Norris, Colony Province State 1623-1888 History of New Hampshire (Boston: B. B Russell, Cornhill, 1888), page 389; digital images, Google Books ( : accessed 16 February 2014

[7] Metcalf Henry H, Editor and Manager, The Granite Monthly A New Hampshire Magazine Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress. (Vol. VLI, No 7, July 1909, New Series, Vol 4, No 7) (Dover, N. H.: H. H. Metcalf, Publisher, n.d.), page 231, Volume One 1877-8; digital images, Google Books ( : accessed 16 February 2014; New Hampshire at Saratoga.

Copyright 2017 Joanne Shackford Parkes  (sharing a link to this post is appreciated but please do not just copy this material and paste it elsewhere)

Tuesday’s Tip – You Can’t Always Believe What You Read in the Newspaper! (Blog 379)

Once we read the Jan 23rd letter from Adeline Shackford Hill to Samuel Shackford, stating “is it really true that no William Shackford has departed his life?  That no eighty thousand dollars is to be divided among the numerous simple curious relatives?,” we went hunting for the article Samuel Shackford may have written debunking the story about a William Shackford who left an $80,000 estate.

Since Adeline lived in Dover, New Hampshire we used Ken Mark’s The Ancestor Hunt Web Page, clicked on Newspaper Research Links, then on the New Hampshire Online Historical Newspapers and took a look at the newspapers in the Nashua Public Library.

We didn’t find the article by Samuel Shackford but found this article which was published in the Nashua Daily Telegraph on January 9, 1886 which is most likely the one that got some Shackford’s excited about money possibly coming their way!  The article states:

Nashua Daily Telegraph, 9 Jan 1886 William Shackford’s death and $80,000 inheritance

– Relatives in Dover, Rochester and Farmington of William Shackford who died lately in Chicago leaving $80,000 but unmarried and no direct heirs are in readiness to receive their respective

portions of the estate.



Since we haven’t found the article that Samuel published debunking this story we decided to see if we could find the William Shackford who the article was referring to.

We took a look at Chicago deaths using Ancestry databases and found no deaths before 1906:

Cook County, Illinois, Deaths Index, 1878-1922 – no death s until 1906

Cook County, Illinois, Marriage and Death Indexes, 1833-1889 – no Shackfords

We checked every William Shackford & Shackford with a middle name of William in our database to see if we could find a William who had died 3 years before of Jan 9, 1886 or died with a large estate.  Found these Williams,

William A Shackford (1807-1885) – died in Newmarket, with a will,

William Moore Shackford (1789-1875) – died in Portsmouth, NH with a will

We didn’t find any possible William Shackfords who died in Chicago or any wealth Shackfords who left a large estate and no will — we’re still looking forward to finding Samuel’s article to see how he debunked this story.

All posts on this website are a work in progress.  We’d love to learn of any corrections or additions to the information shared.  Also we’d love it if  you’d like the post here or at as that helps share the post with others. Thanks!


“NEW HAMPSHIRE IN BRIEF,” The Nashua Daily Telegraph (Nashua, New Hampshire), 9 January 1886, William Shackford who died leaving $80,000; digital images, Nashua Public Library ( : accessed 24 October 2016).

Copyright 2017 Joanne Shackford Parkes  (sharing a link to this post is appreciated but please do not just copy this material and paste it elsewhere)


Mystery Monday – What Year did Adeline Shackford Hill Write to Samuel Shackford and which William is She Referring To? (Blog 378)

We are very glad that the Winnetka Historical Society saved this delightful letter that Adelaide Shackford Hill, daughter of Abigail Burnham Shackford sent to Samuel Shackford on January 23rd referring to an article that Samuel published debunking a rumor that a William Shackford had died leaving an $80,000 estate.

From Adelaide’s letter we learn that she has previously written to Samuel Shackford, that she is well educated and writes with and entertaining style, that she is taking German lessons and Turkish baths.  We also learn that she is living at 61 Washington Street in Dover, New Hampshire.

We’re hunting for newspaper articles which mention a William Shackford who left a large estate and also for the article by Samuel Shackford debunking this story. (We think there are other letters in this or other collections we’ve recently accessed that refer to this same story but can’t find them at this moment).

Letter from Adaline Shackford to Samuel Shackford Jan 23 (page 1 of 5), from Winnetka Historical Society

Adelaide S Hill [written in different handwriting]

Dover N. H. Jan. 23d
Dear Mr Shackford
Are you or
are you not the Samuel Shackford
of Winnetka to whom I have
so long owed a letter; and
if so will you absolve me
for my sin of omission, and
receive me again into your
good graces?
If you have inherited the
“cumulative humanities” of the
generations of Samuel Shackfords
who belong to us, I may take
your olive branch for granted
and proceed on our former
friendly plane.
Your article in tonight’s
paper is a great blow to
me. Is it really true
that no William Shackford
has departed this life? That
no eighty thousand dollars
is to be divided among the
numerous simple curious relatives?
Since hearing of that
unclaimed estate I have
labored with my slate and
pencil and evolved the
delightful possibility that
I, myself, might – come into
the possession of an amount
is larger, that to the end of
my days I could revel in
German lessons and Turkish
baths, my two greatest enjoy-
And now you ruthlessly
destroy these dreams!
I had even gone so far as to
ask a Justice of the Peace
if he would empower me to
go to Chicago and take possession
of the lamented William’s
effects. But said Justice,
being my paternal relative
and therefore incompetent
to judge of my remarkable
abilities, hesitated, and
now we are lost.
How do you intend to
atone for this destruction
of our hopes? Are we,
without a struggle, to sink
back into all the darkness
and degradation of poverty,-
and have not-even and
opportunity of speaking
our minds to the one who
extinguishes our beacon light?
Never! You are hereby
invited to present yourself
before a court of Shackfords
at 61 Washington Street
Dover New Hampshire
at your earliest convenience.
Per order of the Court –
Your disappointed but
ever dutiful cousin.
Adelaide L. Hill

All posts on this website are a work in progress.  We’d love to learn of any corrections or additions to the information shared.  Also we’d love it if  you’d like the post here or at as that helps share the post with others. Thanks!


“Samuel Shackford,” ; [research on shackford family genealogy], 1988.325.1; Samuel Shackford; Winnetka Historical Society, 511 Linden, Winnetka, Illinois. Letter from Adelaide S Hill to Samuel Shackford January 23 [year not listed].

Copyright 2017 Joanne Shackford Parkes  (sharing a link to this post is appreciated but please do not just copy this material and paste it elsewhere)

Treasure Chest Thursday – “Although I have never seen you would like to have you come and see us if you come east”(Blog 370)

On November 25, 1888, Abner R Shackford, the son of William and Mercy (Rose) responded to a letter from Samuel Shackford.  We’re very fortunate that this letter was kept by Samuel and preserved by the Winnetka Historical Society. because the enclosed Family Record page he completed included  information about his family that we have not found elsewhere in our Shackford Family History Research.  From the letter we learn:

That Abner lived in Roslindale when he wrote to Samuel.

Abner was impressed with Samuel’s letter and hoped to meet him someday and ends his letter saying he hoped to hear from Samuel again.

The reference to Thomas Joseph and probably refers to Abner’s uncles Thomas  G Shackford and Joseph Shackford who lived in Newburyport.  Thomas did have a son George who died at the age of nine months.

Abner did not know the death dates of his two sisters Caroline and Louisa May.

Samuel’s letter probably mentioned William Brown Shackford, his wife Catherine and their children  as Abner tells Samuel that their daughter May who married a Mr Lougrin had died, that Catherine is living in Dorcester (interesting — as we find her in the 1887 and 1890 Syracuse directories living with her son – perhaps she was visiting someone in Dorcester), and that Joe has two boys ages 14 and 8.

Abner has a wife and daughter.

The Family Record page includes the first information of birth and death dates for Abner’s parents that we’ve seen and lists siblings that we have not yet hear of.

We’ll spend the next few weeks focusing on these families – sometimes when you have dates it’s easier to find more information about the families.

Letter Abner Shackford to Samuel Shackford – page 1 of 3

Roslindale Nov 25th 1888
Mr Samuel Shackford
Dear Sir
your kind letter was glad to
hear from you although I
have never seen you but would
like to have you come and see
us if you are east. I will give
you all the information I can.
I don’t know anything about
Thomas Shackford and his
son, there are some Shackford’s
living in Newburyport Mass
perhaps if you write there you
can find out something about
them. I will send you a list
of my Father’s family the name
you wanted to know about is
Joseph. There are two more deaths
that I will try and find out –
about they are my sister Caroline’s
and Louisa’s death I will write
and let you know when I find
out. May K. Shackford is dead
she married a Mr Loughrin
she only lived 13 months after
she was married. I would like
to have you write to me again
and tell me some more about
the Shackford’s. Mays mother
is living in Dorchester. her son
Joe lives in Syracuse N. Y.
he has two little boys about
14 and 8 years old. There are
only 3 of us myself wife
and daughter. I will close
hoping to hear from you again
Your’s Truly
Abner R. Shackford

Attached Family Record Page [note: appears to be annotated in pen by Samuel before sending and after he received the document]
IMG_7529 Family Record William Shackford m Mercy Rose.JPGPlease fill up the following Family Record as fully as possible with all the details you have in your own possession, or can gain access to in the possession of others, and return as soon as possible to [hand written] Samuel Shackford Chicago Ill

Family Record of William Shackford – Your Father

with the children in order of birth BORN DIED

William Shackford July 22ed 1789 v
Married (give date left blank]
Mercy Rose Jan 24th 1795
Page 85
New Book
William B Shackford Aug 10th 1812
Joseph Shackford Aug 5th 1814
Thomas Shackford Oct 20th 1815
Abner Shackford Nov 16th 1817
Mary B Shackford July 4th 1819
Louise Shackford July 18th 1821 m Cushing L1 child, Ms Louth [added]
Caroline E Shackford Dec 19th 1823 m. Varney; Whitmore; Palmer no child
Abner R Shackford Jan 19th 1827
Lucinda W Shackford April 21st 1828 married July 28 1839 [added but not correct, jsp]
Emeline Shackford Feb 7th 1830
Abner Shackford Oct 15th 1818
William B Shackford May 16th 1831 father
Lucinda W Shackford July 20 1839
Joseph Shackford Sept 14th 1839
Mary B Shackford Dec 27th 1841
William B Shackford Nov 13th 1866
Thomas Shackford Jan 29th 1874
Mercy Rose Shackford Mar 1873 mother

All posts on this website are a work in progress.  We’d love to learn of any corrections or additions to the information shared.  Also we’d love it if  you’d like the post here or at as that helps share the post with others. Thanks!


“Letter from Abner R Shackford to Samuel Shackford Nov 25, 1888,” 1988.325.1, [Research on Shackford family genealogy], ; Samuel Shackford, Winnetka Historical Society, Winnetka Illinois.

Correction made 10/7/2016:  changed William Shackford’s birth date to July 22, 1789 as it was improperly transcribed it in the earlier version of this blog

Copyright 2017 Joanne Shackford Parkes  (sharing a link to this post is appreciated but please do not just copy this material and paste it elsewhere)

Tuesday’s Tip – Sometimes You Find What You’re Really Looking For at a Neighboring Facility – Our Incredible Find at the Wonderful Winnetka Historical Society!! (Blog 369)

Samuel Shackford (1821-1908) was  born in Eastport, worked as a sea captain, moved to Chicago at the age of 37 where he served as a prominent official.  He unfortunately lost his home in 1871 during the Great Fire after which he he moved to Winnetka where he became President of the Village of Winnetka and served in other prominent positions.  He also became an accomplished and published genealogy researcher first becoming interested in his Lincoln family line and publishing The Lineage of President Abraham Lincoln in the April 1887 New England Historical and Genealogical Register and then contributing Chapter 14 of Kilby’s Eastport and Passamaquoddy titled Captain John Shackford and Family in 1888.  We knew Samuel had continued his research of Shackford family history drafting a manuscript of his Shackford research which was announced  for publication in a July 1906 New England Historical and Genealogical Register.

In 2014 we discovered that a copy of Samuel’s manuscript was at the Winnetka Library. We’d talked to one of their genealogy volunteers who had reviewed the manuscript and had shared some of his notes regarding the genealogy presented in Samuel’s manuscript which indicated a change in my own ancestral line.  While we had thought that my ancestor William Brown Shackford (1812-1866) was the son of William Shackford (1753-????)& Mercy Rose, and the grandson of Samuel Shackford (1720-1796) & Mary Coombs, the volunteer’s notes from Samuel’s manuscript reflected that William Brown Shackford’s father was William Shackford (1789-1831) & Mercy Rose and the grandson of Levi Shackford (1766-1833) and the great grandson of Samuel Shackford & Mary Coombs. His notes included exact dates of William Shackford’s birth which made more sense than what I’d compiled as the ages made more sense but there were no sources were given for this new information.

I felt I needed to see the manuscript myself to see if there were any other letters or source material related to this new information so we planned a stop in Winnetka to visit the library.  However while enroute we discovered that the Winnetka Libary had closed it’s genealogy section and was moving it’s records to another institution.  Then we learned that the records were in still storage and could be requested.  As we approached Winnetka we made a formal request for the records and then learned that the genealogy section had just been moved to the Newberry Library which had not yet reviewed them and was not able to make the available to patrons.  This was a great disappointment as we were already enoute to the Winnetka area.

winnetka-historical-societyMeanwhile we’d also been in e-mail correspondence with the Winnetka Historical Society to see if there was any chance that this manuscript had been donated to them — we had talked to them previously and knew that they had some Shackford material, we’d been told that a genealogy volunteer at the library had suggested the manuscript be moved here, and we also thought that the Winnetka library might try to keep Samuel’s donation in Winnetka where he had done most of his writing.  We called the Historical Society to see if there was a chance they had the manuscript and discovered that while the manuscript was not at the Historical Society, they did have many letters that Samuel had received.  The person we were now talking to, Rachel Rameriz, their curator had pulled some of the files and described what they had – she was so helpful and so upbeat as she helped us over the phone that we decided to visit to see these letters that she described.

And we are soooo glad we went!!!!

The Winnetka Historical Society had folders of letters that Samuel had saved along with many Family Group Sheets completed by Shackford family members who wrote to Samuel!  We’ve only reviewed a few of the records we copied (digitally using an iPhone) but we found letters from my great grandfather Joseph Edward Shackford (1849-1920) which were sent to Samuel Shackford in response to his requests for information about Shackfords.

AND we found some great sources that Samuel used to write the part of his manuscript – one in particular deals with my own family ancestry!

The Winnetka Historical Society had preserved a letter Abner R Shackford (a brother of the William Brown Shackford mentioned above) sent to Samuel Shackford on November 25, 1888. Abner is responding to a letter from Samuel and has filled out a Family Group Sheet that Samuel sent to him where he lists the ten children of William Shackford and Mercy Rose.  My second great grandfather, William Brown Shackford is included.  I’d known that he had a brother named Abner but the list which includes birth and death dates includes three sisters – Shackfords who I had never been able to connect to any specific Shackford family lines!!!  I’ve just taken a quick look at the documents but over the next few weeks, we’ll be spending more time reviewing and writing about these incredible source documents from the Winnetka Historical Society starting with Abner’s letter. After we finish with this letter I suspect we’ll find many more jewels that help with sourcing more Shackford family history in these documents.


I’m so glad we stopped at the Winnetka Historical Society on this trip as I found treasures – the sources from which Samuel wrote his manuscript!!!  In retrospect wish I’d spent more time there as I think I would have enjoyed learning more about the place where Samuel Shackford did his research.  I want to thank their fabulous executive Director Patti Van Cleave who spent hours with us as we reviewed and copied these documents.  She opened up the facility for us on a day they weren’t normally open to visitors and shared the joy I felt as I discovered wonderful documents in the collection she oversees.  I wish I’d made more time to learn about the rest of this collection and am hoping that someday in the future I’ll get back to learn more about Winnetka and the Winnetka Historical Society.

Thanks to all who have worked as part of this wonderful society to preserve these and the other documents and items that help those of us interested in learning about Winnetka history!


Celebration of the Bi-Centennial Anniversary of the New Jersey-Legislature. 1683-1883 (Trenton, N. J.: Naar, Day & Naar, 1883), page 25; digital images, Google Books ( : accessed 16 November 2014.

Kilby William Henry, Eastport and Passamaquoddy: A Collection of Historical and Background Sketches (Eastport, Maine: Edward E Shead & Company, 1888), ; digital images,, Chapter, XIV. CAPTAIN JOHN SHACKFORD AND FAMILY. By Samuel Shackford, of Chicago, Ill., Google eBooks ( : accessed 1 September 2014

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register Vol. LX. 1906 (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1906), page 276 [July 1906]; digital image, Google Books ( : accessed 16 November 2014.

Shackford Abner R, (Roslinda, Massachusetts) to Samuel Shackford, letter, 25 November 1888; Samuel Shackford Collection, held by Winnetka Historical Society, Winnetka, Illinois, 2016. [will update this source later using the name of file & folder where it this letter was kept]

Shackford Samuel, of Chicago, Ill, The Lineage of President Abraham Lincoln (Reprinted from the New-England Historical and Genealogical Register for April, 1887, about 1887), ; digital images, ( : accessed 16 November 2014.

Sunday’s Obituary – Lucy Maria Shackford (1814-1840) (Blog 358)

Lucy Maria Shackford, the daughter of Samuel and Nancy (Buzzel) Shackford was born in 1814 in Barrington, New Hampshire and grew up in a large family, one of ten children. She was 18 when her father died and was mentioned in his will as one of the daughters who were able to remain in the east chamber of her father’s home with wood cut up as long as she remained unmarried and that she would receive $50 when she was married.

Sometime during 1840 Lucy moved from New Hampshire to Virginia to teach in a Virginia school and died in Great Bridge Virginia.  Her obituary was published in the New Hampshire Statesman and State Journal and the Newburyport Herald.

Obituary Lucy Maria Shackford Newburyport Herald (Newburyport, Massachusetts), 22 September 1840
Newburyport Herald, 22 Sept 1840


In Virginia, Norfolk County, at Great
Bridge, on the 14th Aug last, Miss Lucy Ma-
ria Shackford, aged 26 years, daughter of the
late Samuel Shackford, Esq. of Barrington.
Miss Shackford left New England but a few
months since for the purpose of teaching
school in Virginia.

We’re not sure what brought Lucy to Virginia but perhaps she was following her brother John William Shackford who had moved south around 1837.  We’re hoping someday to learn a bit more about this adventuresome young lady’s short life.

We’d like to thank the Newbury Public Library for scanning these newspapers which are allowing us to learn more about Shackford family history!


“DEATHS.,” New Hampshire Statesman and State Journal (Concord, New Hampshire), 19 September 1840; digital images, Godfrey Memorial ( : accessed 18 February 2014).

“DEATHS.,” Newburyport Herald (Newburyport, Massachusetts), 22 September 1840; digital images, Newburyport Public Library ( : accessed 27 August 2016).